The Facts

A city operates vehicle checkpoints on roads in an effort to interdict unlawful drugs.  

At the roadblocks, one officer approaches each vehicle, advises the driver that he or she is being stopped briefly at a drug checkpoint, and asks the driver to produce a license and registration.  The officer also looks for signs of impairment and conducts an open-view examination of the vehicle from the outside.  A narcotics-detection dog walks around the outside of each stopped vehicle.

The officers  conduct a search only by consent or based on the appropriate quantum of particularized suspicion.  The officers conduct each stop in the same manner until particularized suspicion develops, and the officers have no discretion to stop any vehicle out of sequence.  The total duration of each stop, absent reasonable suspicion or probable cause, would be five minutes or less.

You Decide

Are the stops legal? <<Click Here for the Answer>>

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